May 18, 2014 by Ozgur Ozden
There are many organizations who establish and provide standards for Web. While organizations like Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and IEEE Standards Association concerned about physical aspects of the Web other organizations like The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and The Internet Society focuses on the standardization of Web.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a volunteer organization which held its first meeting in 1986 by 21 members. It is an organization without any board, directors, and members so consensus and running code is primary decision method. Main purpose for IETF is to produce reliable technical documents for Web users as well as prepare internet protocols such as TCP/IP standards and IP technical usage. Organization consult with international vendors, designers, researchers, and operators. According to Kaushik Das (2008) various groups formed within the IETF works in nine different areas as: “Applications: User area Service, IP: Next Generation, Operational Requirements, Security , Transport, Internet, Network Management, and Routing. Work and documents produced in these nine areas first published on IETF web site and then Requests for Comments (RFC) page”.
IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) is an organization which operates under the roof of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). They suggests and develops standards for wide range of areas such as power, healthcare, information technology, transportation, communication on a global scale. They are not a part of any country or government and technical experts from all over the world can participate developing these standards.
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is one of the international providers. W3C was first formed by Tim Berners-Lee who left CERN in 1994 and established W3C with the help of European Commission and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
Main purpose of W3C is to have a coherency between used and developed web applications. W3C tries to reduce the incompatibilities between HTML versions CSS, SVG, Ajax, works on XML technology, browsers. W3C meets with key players in the market and tries to have a common understanding about the core principles. According to W3C web site core principles listed as:
Web For all: Regardless of the religion, language, software and hardware used web must be in use of all people whatever information they are seeking for.
Web on everything: Whatever the device is used, cellphone, tablet, desk-Laptop, or future devices that we haven’t produced yet, web must be available to all platforms.
Web for Rich Interaction: Further developed web capabilities with many interactions not only use as read only media
Web of Data and Services: principles developed around data used in web, accessibility, technologies used and future technologies.
Web of Trust: Technology, trust and privacy can be build on top of each other. Develops principles around this core value.
The Internet Society (ISOC) is another organization to provide better standards mainly in the area of policy, technology, and development. It is a non-profit international organization established at 1992. Main purpose of ISOC is to back up technical development of internet by increasing the participation of academic, engineering and scientific communities. Educate the internet users and provide necessary documentation for them. Activities of the Internet Society concentrated in three main areas as education, standards and policy.
Education: The internet Society prepares technical materials, papers to educate public and internet users. On a regular basis organizes seminars, conferences about certain topics related to internet.
Standards: Together with other organizations, works on the development of internet standards.
Policy: works with different organizations, developers, vendors, govt agencies to provide a solid and open policy to internet.
In addition to the above mentioned organizations, the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF), the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG), and Internet Architecture Board (IAB) can be considered as the other organizations working and developing the internet. So, answer to a question Who controls the internet? is us so far and i believe that it should stay as us.
1- World Wide Web Consortium (2013), [Online], Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Wide_Web_Consortium [Accessed: 4 May 2013]
2- W3C Mission, [Online], Available at: http://www.w3.org/Consortium/mission [Accessed: 4 May 2013]
3- Mission Statement, [Online], Available at: http://www.ietf.org/about/mission.html%5BAccessed: 2 May 2013]
4- About the IEEE Standarts Association, [Online], Available at: http://standards.ieee.org/about/ieeesa.html [Accessed: 3 May 2013]
5- What do we do?, [Online], Available at: http://www.internetsociety.org/what-we-do [Accessed: 5 May 2013]
6 – Deitel, A., Deitel, H. & Deitel, P. (2012) Internet & World Wide Web: How to Program. 5th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
7- Kaushik Das, Internet Engineering Task Force,, [Online], Available at: http://ipv6.com/articles/organizations/IETF-History-IPv6.htm [Accessed: 5 May 2013]